Západoslovenské múzeum v Trnave

Ethnography

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Ethnography

 

The ethnographic collection houses about 3800 functional articles made from wood and metal, as well as utility and decorative items made from wicker, straw, wood chips and corn husk. The core collection consists of items related to agricultural and winegrower´s activities and breeding of domestic animals – ploughs, yokes, flails, wine presses and tubs, collars and the like. Other objects are used for the processing of vegetable fibers and the manufacturing of textiles - combs, scrutch blades, reels, spindles, spinning wheels and looms. Particularly valuable is a set of ornately carved pistons for rolling linen and clothes – the so-called gifts of love from the second half of the 18th until the first half of the 20th century. Included are also the items representing craft manufacturing  - pottery, coopery, blacksmithing, footwear and the like.

The collection of folk textiles contains about 2000 items, e.g.  work and festive clothing and furnishing fabrics from Western Slovakia. Decorativeness is characterized mainly for female festive clothes, especially scarves, bonnets and sleeves embroidered with gold thread through the cardboard, white, perforated embroidery and embroidery on the tulle.

Folk art is represented by wooden plastic art and reliefs of the first half of the 19th century until the second half of the 20th century (about 280 items). A special group consists of folk paintings on glass (about 150 items). A unique collection is particularly the collection of well-known Western Slovakian artists: Ferdinand Salzmann (1830 - 1913) and his son Alexander Salzmann (1870 - 1959) from Pata. The later production is richly represented by the work of Ľudovít Kameník (1903 - 1984) from Trnava. The ethnographic collection also includes painted and carved folk furniture from the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, especially oversized chests, shelves, benches, tables and chairs.